Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is a disorder on the functional Gastrointestine (GI). In other words, it is a problem made by the changes in how the GI tract works. However, IBS is not a disease. It’s more like a bunch of symptoms that happen altogether. The most usual IBS symptoms are abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, and constipation. In the beginning, IBS is being called mucous colitis, nervous colon, spastic colon, and spastic bowel. It was named “irritable” to show that this disorder can affect the physical and mental health of a person. It is advised not to take this disorder lightly and seek medical treatment right away.
You will know if you have Irritable Bowel Syndrome if you had abdominal pain thrice for the last three months and notice changes in your stool consistency and frequency.
There are Four Subtypes of IBS, Namely :
- IBS With Constipation (IBS-C)
- Hard Stools At Least 25% of The Time
- Watery Stools Less Than 25% of The Time
- IBS With Diarrhea (IBS-D)
- Watery Stools At Least 25% of The Time
- Lumpy Stools Less Than 25% of The Time
- Mixed IBS (IBS-M)
- Lumpy Stools For No Less Than 25 Percent of The Time
- Loose Stools For At Least 25% of The Time
- Unsubtyped IBS (IBS-U)
- Hard Stools Less Than 25% of The Time
- Watery Stools For Less Than 25% of The Time
How Common is IBS?
Irritable bowel syndrome affects approximately three to twenty percent of the people in the world. Only a few people (less than 1/3 of the population) with this condition consult a doctor for diagnosis. According to a study, women are more likely to have IBS than men . IBS is also commonly found among individuals younger than 45 years old.
What Are The Symptoms?
- Blood In The Stool Which Appears More Watery or Harder Than Usual.
- A Feeling That A Bowel Movement is Not Complete.
- A Passing Mucus A Clear Liquid Produced By The Intestines, Coating and Protecting Tissues in The GI Tract.
- Abdominal Bloating
What are The Causes?
The real causes are not clear but there are many researches that show how some mental and physical health problem can lead to IBS.
These Problems Include:
- Brain-Gut Signal Problem – The brain-gut is the one that brings signals from the brain to the nerves of the intestines. This controls how the small and large intestines work. Those people who have problems in this signal process may experience IBS symptoms and also look out for changes in the bowel habits.
- GI Motor Problems – a person who has IBS may experience abnormal movement in his or her colon. This leads to constipation and diarrhea. Eventually, it will lead to abdominal pain as there will be sudden muscle contractions. Some people who have IBS also experience hyper-reactivity, which will enhance the contractions of the bowel as the patient eats or stresses him or herself.
Other health issues that can bring about this colon problem include mental health problems, bacterial gastroenteritis, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and food sensitivity.