You Must know all these Things about Hernia

By - Updated Aug 10, 2016

Hernia is one of the most common health issues found in people. It is the exit of an organ or tissues through the cavity where the organ resides. This is one of the most reported diseases and health problems in the world and can be treatable.

According to the behavior of the Hernia, it has been classified into various types. One must be aware of the different types of Hernia as the symptoms and treatments differ as per the type.

Inguinal

Things about Hernia

Inner Groin Hernia resides in the inguinal canal near the pelvic area. This is one of the most common Hernia types found in the world. In this type of Hernia, the abdominal wall gets protruded by the intestine or the bladder. Mostly all Groin Hernia are of this type and this is very common in men. As per the medical experts, men have weak abdominal wall area and thus the inguinal Hernia is very common among them.

Incisional

As the name suggests, it results from an incision in the organ. This is a repetitive hernia and occurs once the Inguinal Hernia has been surgically removed. The intestine generally pushes through the spot of the surgery finding it weak. This is very common among people who are aged and obese. The prime reasons behind this are the alarming inactiveness.

Femoral

This is also located in the abdominal region of the body. Femoral is an artery that goes through a canal into the upper thigh region. The intestine tends to enter the canal that carries the artery and causes a hernia. This is very common hernia for the women especially if they are pregnant and obese.

Umbilical

This Hernia occurs at the Belly Button. This is also a common hernia for women. However, it is often found in the new born babies as well. In this case, a part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the naval. Women with obesity or many children are susceptible to this type of Hernia.

Hiatal

This Hernia occurs at the upper portion of the stomach. This is a very dangerous type of Hernia where the stomach passes through Hiatus. Hiatus is the opening in Diaphragm from where the Esophagus passes.

Apart from these, there are a different hernia found as well such as Spigelian and Obturator and others.

Cause

The basic reason for Hernia is the pressure in the abdominal area and weak spots in the same. There are multiple factors that cause the weakness in that region and thus cause the Hernia. Here are the prime reasons of increased abdominal pressure.

  • Continuous sneezing and cough can weaken the muscle in that region.
  • Lifting heavy materials continuously can cause the same.
  • Diarrhea and constipation are also the likely reason for the increased pressure.
  • Smoking can cause the same by weakening the muscle.

These are also the risk factors for the Hernia designated by the medical experts.

Signs and Symptoms

There are different signs and symptoms that are very important to be noted in order to diagnose the Hernia.

  • At the preliminary stage, it may look like a simple new lump.
  • Aching on the lump does not start immediately but increases as the time passes.
  • The lump may fluctuate in size especially when the abdominal pressure is increased. The pain associated with the lump also grows as the pressure increases.
  • The size may or may not increase of the lump with occasion pain.
  • Nausea and Vomiting are also very common symptoms of the disease.
  • Lack of energy and enthusiasm with growing fatigue are often observed.
  • Fever may be associated with the growing Hernia.

There can be multiple other symptoms like sever pain and headache. However, the intensity of the symptoms depends on upon the criticality of the Hernia. In case one discovers these symptoms, he or she should be rushed to the hospital for further diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of the Hernia is fairly simple and does not really require many medical tests. The doctors can basically feel the Hernia in the body. However, in the case of critical cases, ultrasonography or X-ray can be prescribed.

Treatment

It is very important to understand that the only treatment for Hernia is the surgical removal of the lump grown in the body. The surgery of the Hernia is generally pretty much safe and does not really create any issues. However, it is very important for the doctors to consider the various factors like age and other medical conditions to determine the stability of the patient to undergo the surgery. In case the patient is not really safe to be operated, medical treatments are prescribed to control the growth of a hernia and reduce the pain as well apart from Hernia Repair.

It is very much important to understand and know about Hernia as it can create numerous ill effects in the body if left untreated.

Reference

  • http://www.healthline.com/health/hernia#Overview1
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2749387/
references
Author

Contributor : Colon Health Magazine Staff (Colon Health Magazine)

Colon Health Magazine is a free resource for families, providing everything from in-depth product reviews to expert advice. Our articles and guides are written by industry experts and backed by in-depth research and analysis.

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