Unless the colon pumps out the unwanted toxic matters from your body rather meticulously, these toxins joined by unwanted parasites and harmful bacteria are bound to create a kind of turmoil in your body and give rise to serious ailments that might become pretty difficult for you to manage on your own.
What Does the Colon Do?
Your colon is there in your body to:
- Act as a storage space for your bodily waste or fecal matters.
- Absorbs water and mineral salt from your food intake to balance the body’s fluid/electrolyte levels.
- Lubricate the fecal matters with the right concentration to make it suitable for easy evacuation.
- Absorbs and assimilates undigested food stuff.
- Finally evacuates the fecal wastes along with the toxic matters, parasites and bad bacteria present in the colon through your anus.
The colon, which happens to be lengthiest part of the large intestine – in fact it is referred to as the large intestine, as well as rectum or anus by many experts – works in conjunction with the kidney, lever and the skin to expel the toxic matters out of your body.
Construction and Location of Colon
The colon, which is shaped as an inverted U, happens to be the final as well as the lengthiest portion of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract ending at the anus. This inverted U type of muscular tube measures over 5 feet in length with an average diameter of about 2.5 inches.
The colon consists of three main sections that form part of the abdominal cavity. It starts at the lower right side of the abdominal cavity, the point at which the small intestine discharges the digested contents of the food stuff. This point is known as the cecum from where the ascending colon moves up towards the bottom area of liver and then twists abruptly to the left passing the abdomen as the transverse colon the second of the three sections. Then begins the third and final section the descending colon that moves left at a spot just adjacent to the spleen, then down the left of the abdomen to reach the pelvis. Here is where it is called as sigmoid or pelvic colon. The sigmoid colon then empties the fecal wastes into the rectum from where they get finally expelled from your body.
How Does the Colon Work?
When the feces move ahead inside the colon, its lining soaks up water, vitamins and mineral salts from these fecal wastes. The bacteria present inside the colon feed on the undigested dietary fibers and break them down to produce requisite nutrition for the cells lining up along the colon which is why fiber is considered as a great colon cleansing agent.
The fecal matters keep on advancing till the time the walls of the sigmoid colon portion start to contract, thereby pushing the feces into the rectum. This colon action, taking the form of a wave like motion, is called ‘peristaltic action’ that is meant to push the fecal waste into the rectum on its final way out of the body through the anus.
Colon – Yours Way to a Perfect Health
A perfectly functioning colon can make a lot of difference to your staying fit or otherwise. It does not only keep you healthy in the physical term, you feel extremely happy and relaxed too when your bowel empties quickly and systematically.
You can keep on experiencing this blissful sensation all the time simply by knowing your colon well. And also, making a few lifestyle adjustments as and when required.